Chicago Green: Roofs

0 Posted by - March 20, 2015 - Urbanism

Featured photo of Millennium Park by Bob Segal

Out of sight to most drivers, commuters, and pedestrians moving along Chicago’s concrete grid are the many green roofs and rooftop gardens in the city — up to 7 million square feet on approximately 500 rooftops.  Over the past decade, Chicago has been a leader in green roof installations, with more square footage than any other city in the United States.

The city that rose out of the prairie and marshlands now sports indigenous plants atop its skyscrapers.  Look up and you may catch sight of trees or other plant life.

Green rooftop technologies, long practiced in Europe, have more recently found their way to America. Urban rooftops (metal, concrete, black asphalt, utilitarian) have traditionally been underutilized space. But the introduction of vegetation on rooftops can radically transform a city.

When Chicago implemented the 2004 Sustainable Development Policy, which required private developers receiving assistance from the city to include sustainable features in project designs, it kicked off the green roof boom in the city.

Green roofs can serve as a corrective to the environmental challenges of urban density by mimicking native habitats: absorbing rainfall, cooling air temperature, and providing shelter for wildlife, not to mention growing crops, sporting solar panels, and hosting honeybees.   Green rooftops are thought to be cost-effective for building owners, extending roof life and cutting energy expenses.  Green roofs can become attractive amenities, too, giving urban dwellers an opportunity to enjoy the peace and calm of green.

The extent of this lush green world on top of buildings is an aspect of city life of which few may be aware.  Unless you’re high up in a skyscraper, or in flight, looking down, you may not realize how much green rooftop space has sprouted in this city.

Here are some of the notable green roofs in Chicago:

Millennium Park.  Covering two parking garages, a rail station, and the Harris Theater, at 24.5 acres Millennium Park is truly a rooftop covered in vegetation – and the largest green roof in the world.  The wonderful Lurie Garden is a highlight.


Lurie Garden in Millennium Park by Bob Segal

City Hall.  One of the first green roofs in the city and one of the most publicized.  At over 20,000 square feet, the rooftop garden features 150 plant species and beehives that produce about 200 pounds of honey annually.

Chicago City Hall by Diane Cook and Len Jenshel

Chicago City Hall by Diane Cook and Len Jenshel

Soldier Field.  The stadium renovation of 2003 included 5.5 acres of parkland located above the four-story underground parking garage.

Soldier Field parking garage green roof - Sustainable Chicago

Soldier Field parking garage green roof – Sustainable Chicago

McCormick Place West.  The Chicago Botanic Garden created the largest “farm-to-fork” rooftop garden in Chicago at McCormick Place West.  At 20,000 square feet, the vegetable and herb garden yields some 4,000 pounds of fresh produce with hopes of 8,000-12,000 pounds.

Stacey Kimmons and Audra Lewicki harvesting lettuce at the Chicago Botanic Garden’s 20,000-square-foot vegetable garden atop McCormick Place West in Chicago.

Stacey Kimmons and Audra Lewicki harvesting lettuce at the Chicago Botanic Garden’s vegetable garden atop McCormick Place West

Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum.  The teaching and learning center is covered with a green roof system, consisting of five different roofs.  There is a 2,400-square-foot demonstration roof that exhibits a variety of green roof technologies for visitors.

Gary Comer Youth Center has a vegetable garden green roof, which is designed as an outdoor classroom.  The students can garden virtually year round because the roof makes use of both solar energy and ambient heat from the building.


Gary Comer Youth Center rooftop by Scott ShigleyHoerr Schaudt Landscape Architects

PepsiCo Chicago Headquarters.  An amenity for employees, this second-floor green roof features four power-generating wind turbines.


PepsiCo green roof – Blair Kamin, Chicago Tribune

Uncommon Ground.  As of 2008, Uncommon Ground, a restaurant in the Edgewater neighborhood, has the very first certified organic rooftop farm in the United States. Not only does this 2,500-square-foot farm provide lots of luscious produce for the restaurant below, it is also a classroom for urban agriculture classes (grade school through grad school).


Aqua.   The cool, quiet 80,000-square-foot refuge for residents and guests at the base of Aqua uses a drip irrigation system to water the evergreens and deciduous plantings.

Aqua – Green Roofs

900 North Michigan.  Three green roofs have been added to this mixed use development with 14,000 square feet of prairie in the sky, featuring a mix of grasses, sedum and alium.

900 North Michigan Avenue by

900 North Michigan Avenue by Hoerr Schaudt Landscape Architects


  • Hannan Ahmad March 19, 2018 - 10:51 am Reply

    There are fascinating structures in the city and all of them are designed to use all the natural resources like natural light, air etc. Among the many the structures also use solar panels, which are installed at various places on the building to produce the electrical power needed by the building.

    • Wendy March 19, 2018 - 11:54 am Reply

      Thank you for that, Hannan.

      • Kevin Donnelly October 15, 2018 - 11:03 pm Reply

        Are there any green roof projects that offer tours? We are looking for a tour in the city for our national Collegiate Crops Contest group visiting on Friday, Nov. 16.

        • Wendy October 16, 2018 - 10:54 am Reply

          Thanks for your question, Kevin. First, I’ll list some green roof options that are most likely ‘visitable’ and then I’ll email you a recommendation for a Chicago guide who might be able to customize a tour for your group. The largest is Millennium Park – free and easy to visit! But it might be fun to further explore what makes it a green roof and how it was built. Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum (2430 N Cannon Dr) has several sections of green roof, which may be able to be specially toured. McCormick Place West (2301 S Lake Shore Dr) has a vast vegetable garden, the largest farm-to-fork rooftop garden in the Midwest, is used for training, and I would bet arrangements could be made to visit. Uncommon Ground restaurant (1401 W Devon) is the first certified organic rooftop farm in the country and I know they have opened it up to visitors. Finally, the Chicago Center for Green Technology (445 N Sacramento Blvd) is open to visitors and accommodates groups. Hope that helps – and I will email you.

  • Jacque April 4, 2018 - 12:21 pm Reply

    So nice to see these green spaces. In the two years since this was originally posted, have there been many notable additions to the city’s green rooftops? And I’m sure you’re aware of it, Uncommon Ground’s Edgewater location’s rooftop is a working organic farm supplying the restaurant: .

    • Wendy April 4, 2018 - 12:36 pm Reply

      Thanks for that, Jacque. I’ve included Uncommon Ground in the post; what a wonderful place!

  • Lois Doll November 2, 2018 - 10:21 pm Reply

    Any new additions to the roof top gardens since 2016?

    • Wendy November 5, 2018 - 11:58 am Reply

      Thanks for your question, Lois. Many new high rises will or do include green roofs. Two notable new examples are 150 N Riverside and River Point, two high-tech towers on the Chicago River; they both have green roofs and gardens at their bases, as well. Here’s a link to the green roof progress in Chicago and the goals for the city:

  • Ryan Student November 17, 2019 - 12:12 pm Reply

    Can you please cite these numbers regarding green roofs and rooftop gardens in the city? “7 million square feet on approximately 500 rooftops.” Thanks!

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